DESC (en general)

Solapas principales

Caselaw

En una decisión unánime la Corte Suprema Federal de Brasil decidió confirmar la constitucionalidad de las cuotas raciales en procesos de admisión universitaria a fin de crear un entorno académico diverso, superar la historia de discriminación racial de Brasil y promover el principio de la igualdad de facto según se aplica a la discriminación racial en la educación. Asimismo, la Corte se refirió a temas de proporcionalidad y razonabilidad como criterios para evaluar la constitucionalidad de políticas destinadas a lograr la igualdad racial.

The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court unanimously decided to uphold the constitutionality of racial quotas in University admission processes, in order to create a diverse academic environment, to overcome a history of racial discrimination in Brazil, and to promote the principle of de facto equality as applied to racial discrimination in education.  In addition, the Court addressed issues of proportionality and reasonability as criteria to assess the constitutionality of policies aimed at achieving racial equality.

En septiembre de 2011, los residentes del Asentamiento Informal Langaville (compuesto por más de mil quinientas familias y cuatro mil seiscientos residentes) representados por el Socio-Economic Rights Institute (SERI), pidieron una orden, que requiriera a la Municipalidad Metropolitana Ekurhelini proporcionar acceso suficiente al agua y servicios de saneamiento básico.

Este caso del Tribunal Supremo fue iniciado con el apoyo de Hakijamii, una organización de derechos humanos con sede en Nairobi que es miembro de la Red-DESC desde 2005. El caso surgió de un pedido de más de mil personas desalojadas de sus hogares ubicados en seis comunidades conocidas comúnmente como Medina, municipalidad de Garissa.

In September 2011, the residents of Langaville Informal Settlement (comprised of more than one thousand and five hundred households and four thousand and six hundred residents) represented by the Socio-Economic Rights Institute of South Africa (SERI), requested an order directing the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality to provide sufficient access to water and basic sanitation recognized in the Constitution of South Africa, through the Water Services Act, Regulation 3 of the Regulations Relating to Compulsory National Standards and Measures to Conserve Water (GN R509 in GG 22355 of 8 June

The claimants in this joined action were asylum-seekers who had sought asylum after their initial entry to the UK. The defendant, Secretary of State for the Home Department, refused support under Section 55 of the Nationality, Immigration, and Asylum Act 2002 ("the Act") with regard to accommodation. Section 55 allowed refusal of support to asylum seekers who failed to make their claim as soon as reasonably practicable.

This High Court case was brought with the support of Hakijamii, a human rights organization based in Nairobi that has been a member of ESCR-Net since 2005; and stemmed from the request of more than 1,000 individuals, evicted from their homes located in six communities commonly known as the Medina Location of Garissa municipality.

The South African Constitutional Court was asked to decide whether tenants of a block of flats were entitled to notice before the municipal electricity utility, City Power, disconnected their supply. The tenants paid for their electricity to the owner of the property, and despite their regular payment, the owner allowed substantial arrears to run up on the account, and City Power disconnected the property, giving the owner, but not the tenants, notice.

Aproximadamente 20.000 ocupantes del asentamiento informal Joe Slovo de Ciudad del Cabo apelaron a la Corte Constitucional para que dejara sin efecto una orden de desalojo dictada por el Tribunal Superior (High Court). El desalojo había sido solicitado por los Ministerios de Vivienda Nacionales y Provinciales, y por una empresa constructora de viviendas contratada para implementar el desarrollo de viviendas para familias de bajos ingresos en el lugar donde se encontraba emplazado el asentamiento informal.

Approximately 20,000 occupiers of the Joe Slovo informal settlement in Cape Town appealed to the Constitutional Court to set aside an order for their eviction granted by the High Court. The eviction had been sought by the National and Provincial Ministers of Housing and a housing company contracted to implement a development of formal housing for low-income families at the site of the informal settlement. While the housing company tendered that they would provide temporary accommodation for the occupiers in Delft, 15 kilometres away, no permanent housing was guaranteed.