Seguridad social y bienestar

Solapas principales


The plaintiffs were recipients of the federal program Aid to Families with Dependent Children or the New York State program Home Relief who alleged that New York officials terminated or were about to terminate their benefits under the programs without notice or hearing. When the suit was filed, no rules were in place requiring that recipients be given notice or a hearing before losing their benefits. Before this appeal occurred, the state and city of New York adopted procedures for notice and hearing. The plaintiffs then challenged the adequacy of the new procedures.

The applicant Phakamile Ranelo brought a complaint before the Eastern Cape High Court against the South African Social Security Agency alleging that the State had unlawfully terminated his disability grant. South African regulations oblige the Social Security Agency to have informed Ranelo, in writing, of his approval for a disability grant, its temporary nature, and his right to appeal its temporary status. Ranelo argued he received no such prior notice, so his belief in his grant’s permanent nature was valid.

Ninety-year-old Eduardo Navia brought this tutela action seeking to receive disability payments from the State. He had undergone heart surgery in May 1998 and January 2008, with both surgeries limiting his ability to work. Relying on a certification of disability issued by the Social Security Agency (ISS) Section of Bolivar on September 14, 2007, he applied for disability benefits to the ISS on October 5, 2007. The ISS determined his date of disability to be March 6, 2007, but denied his application claiming that he had failed to comply with the requirements of Art.

Eduardo Navia, de noventa años de edad, presentó la acción de tutela buscando que el Estado le otorgue una pensión por invalidez. Como consecuencia de procedimientos quirúrgicos cardíacos a los que había sido sometido en mayo de 1998 y enero de 2008, tenía limitada su capacidad para trabajar. Basándose en un certificado de invalidez expedido por el Instituto de Seguridad Social (ISS) Seccional Bolívar el 14 de septiembre de 2007, solicitó ante el ISS la pensión por invalidez el 5 de octubre de 2007.

Los demandantes cuestionaron la decisión del Estado de Massachusetts de excluir a un grupo de inmigrantes legales del Programa de Seguro de Salud del Estado. Los demandantes alegaron que dicha exclusión viola la Cláusula de Igualdad de Protección reconocida por la Constitución de Massachusetts.

Petitioners challenged the 2009 decision of the State of Massachusetts to exclude a group of legal immigrants from its Commonwealth Care Health Insurance Program. Plaintiffs alleged that such exclusion violated the Equal Protection Clause recognized by the Constitution of Massachusetts.

Los demandantes, pensionados del Estado latvio, cuestionaron la constitucionalidad de la Ley de Pago de Pensiones y Asignaciones Estatales en el período 2009 a 2012 (en adelante, "Ley de Pensiones"), que se había aprobado con la intención de reducir el déficit estatal. En 2009, la economía en general estaba debilitándose rápidamente y el Parlamento latvio argumentó que debía responder a la brevedad a la crisis económica del país.

Petitioners, pensioners of the Latvian State, challenged the constitutionality of the Law on State Pension and State Allowance Disbursement in the period from 2009 to 2012 (hereinafter the "Disbursement Law"), which had been passed in an effort to reduce the State's budget deficit.  The overall economy was rapidly declining in 2009, and the Latvian Parliament argued that it had to act quickly to respond to the country's economic crisis.  The law decreased the amount received by current pensioners by 10% and decreased the pensions of future pensioners (individuals currently employed) by 70%.

The case was filed in March 2003 to force the Comisión Nacional de Pensiones Asistenciales (national agency in charge of welfare pensions) to grant a disability pension to Daniela Reyes Aguilera, a Bolivian girl who has a disabling condition preventing her from moving legs and arms, speaking, and eating on her own. Article 1, paragraph "e" of Decree 432/1997, which requires foreign citizens to prove legal residence in Argentina for at least twenty years in order to qualify for disability pensions, was contested as unconstitutional.

El caso fue llevado a la justicia en el mes de marzo de 2003 para que se obligara a la Comisión Nacional de Pensiones Asistenciales a otorgar la pensión por invalidez a Daniela Reyes Aguilera, una niña de nacionalidad boliviana con una discapacidad que le impide la movilidad de sus miembros, comunicarse verbalmente, y alimentarse por cuenta propia.