Droits sur la terre et sur les ressources naturelles

Onglets principaux

Caselaw

En la década de 1970, el gobierno de Kenia desalojó a cientos de familias Endorois de sus tierras cercanas al Lago Bogoria en el Valle del Rift para crear una reserva de animales de caza para el turismo. Al pueblo indígena Endorois se le había prometido compensación y beneficios que nunca se concretaron en su totalidad, y el acceso de la comunidad a la tierra quedó limitado a la discreción de la Autoridad de la Reserva de Caza.

En este caso, la South Fork Band y otras comunidades de Western Shoshone habían apelado una decisión de un tribunal inferior que les negaba una medida cautelar[1] contra la construcción de la mina de oro.

In this case, the South Fork Band and other Western Shoshone tribes were appealing a lower court decision denying an injunction[1] against the construction of the gold mine. In their appeal to the Court, the South Fork Band argued that an injunction should be granted against Barrick Cortez because the U.S.

In the 1970s, the Kenyan government evicted hundreds of Endorois families from their land around the Lake Bogoria area in the Rift Valley to create a game reserve for tourism.  The Endorois, an indigenous people, had been promised compensation and benefits, but these were never fully implemented, and the community's access to the land was restricted to the discretion of the Game Reserve Authority. This prevented the community from practicing their pastoralist way of life, using ceremonial and religious sites, and accessing traditional medicines.

Durante la construcción de un oleoducto en Myanmar por parte de Unocal, empresa estadounidense productora de petróleo y gas, ésta contrató al ejército de dicho país para que lleve a cabo tareas de seguridad en la obra. Los pobladores locales de la zona en la que se estaba construyendo el oleoducto denunciaron que el ejército los sometió a desalojos forzosos, los obligó a trabajar en el proyecto, y cometió violaciones, asesinatos y torturas.

During Unocal's construction of an oil pipeline in Myanmar, it hired Myanmar's military for security while the pipeline was built. The villagers in the area where the pipeline was being constructed alleged the military forcefully evicted them, forced them to work on the project and raped, murdered and tortured them.

In 1998, the Aboriginal Communities Association Lhaka Honat filed an action with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) against the State of Argentina. The communities living in Salta province denounced violations of their right to ancestral land, to cultural integrity and to a safe environment, following the State’s decision to build an international bridge and carry out an urban development plan in their territory, which would significantly alter their way of life.

Cinco presentaciones conjuntas denunciaron la existencia de casos de esclavitud y prácticas similares en Mauritania y de discriminación racial institucionalizada perpetrada por la comunidad mauritana gobernante contra la comunidad negra más numerosa. Se denunció, entre otras cosas, que los mauritanos negros estaban siendo objeto de prácticas de esclavitud, desalojos periódicos o desplazamiento forzoso de sus tierras, que eran confiscadas por el gobierno junto con su ganado.

The Ombudsman filed a protection action against the Colombian Ministry of Environment and Sociedad Occidental de Colombia Inc. on behalf of the U'wa People, seeking revocation of an oil development license granted to the said company affecting traditional indigenous land (see in this database “Defensor del Pueblo, doctor Jaime Córdoba Triviño (on behalf of several members of U'WA Indigenous Group) vs. Ministerio del Medio Ambiente y Occidental de Colombia, Inc. s. Acción de tutela”). The Colombian court ordered a consultation should take place within 30 days.

A petition was filed with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) against the State of Brazil and in favor of the Yanomami indigenous community.