Droit à la vie

Onglets principaux

Caselaw

El 17 de julio de 2014, el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos (TEDH) concluyó que el gobierno de Rumania era responsable de violar los derechos humanos de Valentin Câmpeanu, un joven fallecido en 2004 que padecía de serias discapacidades mentales y era VIH positivo. Abandonado al nacer, Câmpeanu vivió en instituciones públicas toda su vida. Cuando cumplió dieciocho años fue transferido a un hogar de asistencia social para adultos y, posteriormente, a un hospital psiquiátrico.

En 2011, los peticionantes presentaron una petición constitucional aduciendo que el gobierno había violado la Constitución de Uganda por medio de actos y omisiones respecto de servicios relacionados con la salud materna. Más específicamente, los peticionantes sostuvieron que el gobierno no había provisto servicios básicos de salud materna y no había presupuestado adecuadamente la salud materna, y que el comportamiento no ético de los trabajadores del sector de la salud conducía a la muerte prevenible de embarazadas durante el parto.

En 2004, la Secretaría de Salud de Botswana distribuyó una directiva interna entre instituciones médicas públicas para informarles de un Decreto Presidencial que autorizaba “el suministro de tratamiento gratis a reclusos que no sean ciudadanos que sufran de enfermedades que no sean el SIDA”. Reclusos de Zimbabwe con VIH positivo presentaron demandas para cuestionar ea decreto después de que se les negaran medicamentos de una terapia antiretroviral (TAR).

In 2004 Botswana’s Secretary of Health circulated an internal directive to public medical facilities informing them of a Presidential Directive authorizing “provision of free treatment to non-citizen prisoners suffering from ailments other than AIDS.” HIV-positive Zimbabwean prisoners filed lawsuits challenging this directive after being denied free Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ARV).

In 2011, the petitioners filed a constitutional petition alleging that the government had violated the Ugandan Constitution through acts and omissions with regard to maternal health services. More specifically, the petitioners contended that the government had failed to provide basic maternal health services and to adequately budget for maternal health and that the unethical behavior of health workers led to the preventable deaths of expectant mothers during childbirth.

On 17th July, 2014, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) held the Romanian government accountable for violating the human rights of Valentin Câmpeanu, a youth with severe mental disabilities and HIV positive, who died in 2004. Abandoned at birth, he lived in public institutions all his life. When he turned eighteen, he was shifted to a social care home for adults, and afterwards, to a mental hospital. Here, left in isolation, and in the cold, without necessary health care and treatment, and deprived also of food and proper clothing, he died within seven days.

This case was brought by six pregnant or lactating women who lived in poverty in a Delhi slum.  The women were denied food rations, as well as prenatal and children health benefits which they were entitled to under several national benefit programs.

Rudul Sah was arrested in 1953 on charges of murdering his wife. He was acquitted by an Additional Sessions Judge, in 1968, who directed his release from jail, pending further orders. Rudul Sah languished in jail for 14 years after his acquittal, until his plight was highlighted in the media in 1982 and led to the filing of the PIL on his behalf.

A coalition of residents sent a letter of petition to the Supreme Court to challenge the Water and Power Development Authority's (WAPDA) construction of an electricity grid station in their neighborhood, on designated "green belt" property. The Court heard the matter as a human rights case, as Article 184 (3) of the Pakistan Constitution provides original jurisdiction to the Supreme Court to take up and determine any matter concerning the enforcement of fundamental rights of public importance.

In 2005, under the Article 26 procedure of the Constitution, the Irish Supreme Court reviewed the constitutionality of a bill referred to it by the President. This bill authorized charges for in-patient services, provided by the public health service, to be imposed on certain people, in most cases, elderly people of limited means.