Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (General)

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While the challenges facing HRDs change, the tools they have at their disposal also evolve and become more sophisticated and effective. Fully utilizing these tools in a strategic way is the challenge and the potential strength for effective human rights defenders. This manual details some of...

The huge gaps in information technology which exist throughout the world also affect human rights defenders. This manual focuses mainly on information technology – i.e. computers and the internet. Defenders without access to computers or the internet may not find...

In December 2014 the NHRF finalised its Guidelines on security for grantees in the field. “The document is the result of a process of consultations and discussions with the NHRF grantees and local consultants, as well as with international actors with wide experience...

The mandate of the Special Rapporteur on summary or arbitrary executions was established by resolution 1982/35 of the the Economic and Social Council. The Commission on Human Rights, in its resolution 1992/72, renewed the mandate of the Special Rapporteur and widened...

The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention was established by resolution 1991/42 of the former Commission on Human Rights. Its mandate was clarified and extended by Commission’s resolution 1997/50. The mandate was extended for a further three-year period by...

Elaboration of the Declaration on human rights defenders began in 1984 and ended with the adoption of the text by the General Assembly in 1998, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A collective effort by a...

A Special Rapporteur is an independent expert appointed by the Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a country situation or a specific human rights theme. This position is honorary and the expert is not United Nations staff nor paid for his/her work. The...

The mandate on the situation of human rights defenders was established in 2000 by the Commission on Human Rights (as a Special Procedure) to support implementation of the 1998 Declaration on human rights defenders.

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This “How-to Guide” is issued in relation to the “On-line UPR Submissions Registration System” for submitting written contributions for the UPR documentation by “Other Stakeholders” (including civil society and national human rights institutions), regional...