Education (Right to)

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Caselaw

The Xákmok Kásek indigenous community, who has originally lived in the Paraguayan Chaco area, filed a petition before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights requesting acknowledgement of their traditional territory. Paraguay sold and split up the land without taking into consideration the indigenous population. The Salazar ranch was founded in the land that had been the home of the Xákmok Kásek community for years.  The community’s ability to survive and to develop its way of life was restricted, and the State failed to fulfill its duty to guarantee the community’s territorial rights.

La Comunidad Indígena Xákmok Kásek, originariamente del área del Chaco Paraguayo, reclamó ante la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos el reconocimiento de  su territorio tradicional.  Paraguay vendió y dividió estas tierras sin consideración de las poblaciones indígenas.  La Estancia Salazar se fundó en la tierra donde por años vivió la a Comunidad Xákmok Kásek y en esta Estancia, se limitó la capacidad de la comunidad a subsistir y desarrollar su modo de vida, además de la omisión del Estado en su deber de garantizar los derechos territoriales de la comunidad.

This 2014 decision was handed down after three rounds of litigation. In 2012 applicants sought a court order directing the delivery of school furniture to three rural schools in dire need of furniture; a declaration that the State had violated children’s right to education by failing to provide “adequate, age and grade appropriate furniture” at Eastern Cape schools; and an order that the state complete a comprehensive audit of school furniture needs in the province.

Esta sentencia del año 2014 fue dictada después de tres rondas de litigación.

Este caso se refiere a una apelación de 2009 ante el Tribunal Constitucional de Sudáfrica, presentado por el Jefe del Departamento de Educación de Mpumalanga (HoD).

This case concerns a 2009 appeal before the Constitutional Court of South Africa, brought by the Head of the Mpumalanga Department of Education (HoD).

Poco después de que el demandante, Jamie Sinnott, naciera en 1977, los médicos descubrieron que padecía de un autismo severo. Durante los siguientes 22 años de su vida, su madre intentó proporcionar a su hijo habilidades básicas de habla, idioma y destrezas motoras, así como uso de los inodoros. Por desgracia, descubrió que las pocas instituciones para niños con graves discapacidades físicas y mentales en Cork, Irlanda no podían atender las continuas necesidades de educación de su hijo autista.

Shortly after the plaintiff, Jamie Sinnott, was born in 1977, doctors discovered he was severely autistic.  For the next 22 years of his life, his mother attempted to provide her son with basic speech, language, and motor skills, as well as toilet-training.  Unfortunately, she discovered that the few institutions for children with severely physically and mentally disabilities in Cork, Ireland did not meet the continuous education needs of her autistic child. In 1997, Mrs.

In 2003, four year old Jeremiah Cronin, diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity and autism, was assessed as needing a 32-hour-per-week intensive home-based program to meet his special needs while awaiting placement in Cork CABAS School.  His mother instituted an action for injunctive relief directing the Minister for Education (“the Minister”) to provide such home-based tuition for 29 hours per week during the child’s pre-school phase.  She claimed that her son was entitled to a free primary education under the Irish Constitution, relying on the Irish Supreme Court’s reference to uph