Equality and Non-discrimination

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Applicant Paul O’Donoghue was born in November 1984 and contracted Reyes Syndrome, a serious viral infection, at eight months old, suffering brain damage as a result.

Disability Advocates, Inc. (DAI) presentó  una demanda ante el Tribunal Federal de Apelaciones de Nueva York  (U.S.

Disability Advocates, Inc. (DAI) brought a suit before the U.S. District Court (NY) asserting that New York State discriminated against individuals with disabilities in violation of the ADA’s integration mandate, which requires that individuals with mental illness residing in adult care facilities in New York receive services in the most integrated setting possible in order to increase interaction with the broader community.

Glor fue declarado no apto para el servicio militar obligatorio o el servicio civil alternativo ofrecido a los objetores de conciencia por padecer diabetes. Se le ordenó pagar un impuesto por la exención del servicio militar ya que se evaluó su discapacidad como menor a un  40%, el rango mínimo para ser exceptuado del impuesto.

Glor, was declared unfit for mandatory military service or the alternative civil service offered to conscientious objector due to diabetes. He was ordered to pay a tax for exemption from military service, as he fell below the 40% disabled threshold for exemption from the tax. The tax was for a non-negligible amount assessed over several years. Glor claimed a violation of his rights under Article 14 in conjunction with Article 7 of the European Convention on Human Rights for discrimination on the basis of a disability.

El Alto Tribunal Social de Renania del Norte-Westfalia le solicitó a la Corte Constitucional de Alemania que decida si los subsidios económicos entregados  a los solicitantes de asilo conforme la sección 3, párrafo 2, de la Ley de Beneficios para Solicitantes de Asilo cumplían con el derecho constitucional a condiciones mínimas para una existencia digna.

The Higher Social Court of North Rhine-Westphalia asked the German Federal Constitutional Court to decide whether the cash benefits for asylum seekers provided under section 3 paragraph 2 of the Asylum Seekers Benefit Act comply with the constitutional right to a minimum standard of living.

El empleador de R.K.B. la acusó de tener relaciones sexuales con un compañero de trabajo y la despidió, pero no despidió al compañero involucrado, amenazándola con “difundir rumores sobre sus relaciones con otros hombres” para presionarla y  que firmara un documento en el que afirmaba que le habían pagado todos los beneficios en el momento del despido. R.K.B.

R.K.B.’s employer accused her of having an affair with a male colleague and dismissed her from the position but did not dismiss the male colleague, and threatened to “spread rumours about her relationships with other men” to pressure her to sign a document, attesting that she had been paid all her benefits upon termination. R.K.B. presented a claim to the Committee, alleging that her employer, a hairdressing salon, had unfairly terminated her contract of employment based on gender stereotypes.

En una decisión unánime la Corte Suprema Federal de Brasil decidió confirmar la constitucionalidad de las cuotas raciales en procesos de admisión universitaria a fin de crear un entorno académico diverso, superar la historia de discriminación racial de Brasil y promover el principio de la igualdad de facto según se aplica a la discriminación racial en la educación. Asimismo, la Corte se refirió a temas de proporcionalidad y razonabilidad como criterios para evaluar la constitucionalidad de políticas destinadas a lograr la igualdad racial.