This case concerns the attempted eviction of tenants of certain residential flats in Johannesburg. These tenants had been living in these flats subject to various leases, some for nearly twenty years. The leases contained a provision allowing either party to terminate the lease with certain notice. Three years before the attempted evictions the landlord told the tenants to pay double or triple their rent or leave their homes. When the tenants refused, the landlord terminated their leases.