Life (Right to)

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Caselaw

This case was brought by six pregnant or lactating women who lived in poverty in a Delhi slum.  The women were denied food rations, as well as prenatal and children health benefits which they were entitled to under several national benefit programs.

Rudul Sah was arrested in 1953 on charges of murdering his wife. He was acquitted by an Additional Sessions Judge, in 1968, who directed his release from jail, pending further orders. Rudul Sah languished in jail for 14 years after his acquittal, until his plight was highlighted in the media in 1982 and led to the filing of the PIL on his behalf.

A coalition of residents sent a letter of petition to the Supreme Court to challenge the Water and Power Development Authority's (WAPDA) construction of an electricity grid station in their neighborhood, on designated "green belt" property. The Court heard the matter as a human rights case, as Article 184 (3) of the Pakistan Constitution provides original jurisdiction to the Supreme Court to take up and determine any matter concerning the enforcement of fundamental rights of public importance.

In 2005, under the Article 26 procedure of the Constitution, the Irish Supreme Court reviewed the constitutionality of a bill referred to it by the President. This bill authorized charges for in-patient services, provided by the public health service, to be imposed on certain people, in most cases, elderly people of limited means.

Tras un informe periodístico sobre una mujer indigente que falleció en una calle muy concurrida cuatro días después de dar a luz a una beba, el Tribunal abrió esta causa de interés público por iniciativa propia. El Tribunal solicitó a la organización Human Rights Law Network (HRLN), un miembro de la Red-DESC, que presentara amicus sobre la situación en Delhi de la salud de las mujeres indigentes embarazadas y que se encuentran en el período de lactancia, y que sugiera medidas adecuadas.

Following a newspaper report regarding a destitute woman who died on a busy street four days after giving birth to a baby girl, the Court brought this public interest litigation (PIL) on its own motion. The Court also asked the Human Rights Law Network (HRLN), an ESCR-Net member organization, to file an amicus brief on the status of maternal health for destitute pregnant and lactating women in Delhi, and to suggest appropriate remedies. HRLN’s amicus outlined myriad state failures to implement government schemes providing for food and health services to women and marginalized groups.

The Xákmok Kásek indigenous community, who has originally lived in the Paraguayan Chaco area, filed a petition before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights requesting acknowledgement of their traditional territory. Paraguay sold and split up the land without taking into consideration the indigenous population. The Salazar ranch was founded in the land that had been the home of the Xákmok Kásek community for years.  The community’s ability to survive and to develop its way of life was restricted, and the State failed to fulfill its duty to guarantee the community’s territorial rights.

La Comunidad Indígena Xákmok Kásek, originariamente del área del Chaco Paraguayo, reclamó ante la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos el reconocimiento de  su territorio tradicional.  Paraguay vendió y dividió estas tierras sin consideración de las poblaciones indígenas.  La Estancia Salazar se fundó en la tierra donde por años vivió la a Comunidad Xákmok Kásek y en esta Estancia, se limitó la capacidad de la comunidad a subsistir y desarrollar su modo de vida, además de la omisión del Estado en su deber de garantizar los derechos territoriales de la comunidad.

La Corte Constitucional de Colombia revisó el caso relativo a una acción de tutela (acción de protección de derechos constitucionales) en la cual se analizaba si las actividades de la empresa minera Drummond afectaban los derechos a la vida, al medio ambiente, a la intimidad y a la salud del peticionario y su familia. El peticionario y su familia viven cerca de la mina a cielo abierto Pribbenow ubicada en La Loma, municipio El Paso del departamento de Cesar, en el Norte de Colombia.

Colombia's Constitutional Court reviewed a tutela action case (action seeking protection of constitutional rights) which looked into whether the mining operations of the company Drummond had violated the rights to life, to a healthy environment, to privacy and to health of a citizen and his family living near the Pribbenow open-pit mine, located in La Loma, municipality of El Paso, department of Cesar, in the North of Colombia.  Based in the United States, Drummond develops and processes coal in both the US and Colombia.