The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) was created in 1922, and today gathers together 141 national human rights organisations in over 100 countries. The aim of FIDH is to bring about significant improvements in the protection of victims of human rights violations, the prevention of human rights violations and the prosecution of those responsible for these violations.
FIDH was the first international human rights organisation established with a general mandate to defend all the rights laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, including civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
At its Congress in Dakar in 1997, FIDH launched a specific program on economic, social and cultural rights. It soon became apparent that issues relating to economic, social and cultural rights were inseparable from the question of globalisation, broadly understood as the internationalisation of exchanges of goods, services and information.
In 2001, FIDH dedicated its 34th Congress to the theme of globalisation and decided to prioritise the issue of globalisation in the future FIDH activities. This priority was confirmed in March 2004, on the occasion of its 35th Congress held in Quito, Ecuador.
FIDH is working towards:
- the more effective enforcement and justiciability of economic, social and cultural rights;
- the recognition of the primacy of human rights over trade agreements and in the formulation and implementation of development policies; and
- the development and elaboration of standards for corporate responsibility.