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A human rights-based approach to the criminalization of HIV exposure

The appellant, E.L., a 26 year old mother of four living with HIV, was charged and convicted in the lower court under Section 192 of the Malawian Penal Code (Code) for unlawfully (negligently) engaging in an act likely to spread a disease dangerous to life. The prosecution argued that the appellant “unlawfully, negligently and knowingly” breastfed the complainant’s baby, who was left in her care. At the time of the incident, E.L. was on Anti Retro Treatment (ART).

Citizens for Justice (CFJ) published this ...

Developed by an ESCR-Net Member

This report presents important new findings on the right to education from citizen-led...

Developed by an ESCR-Net Member

The purpose of this Practitioner's Guide is to provide an analysis of how to best incorporate the right to active,...

Developed by an ESCR-Net Member

ESCR-Net member, the Citizens for Justice (CFJ), is implementing a program titled ‘Advocacy for a Corrupt Free Society as part of an initiative to strengthen accountability institutions in Malawi. Such institutions...

Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Working Group(s) / Area(s) of Work: 
Women & ESCR