Environmental Rights

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Individuos y comunidades de la etnia indígena Diaguita, habitantes de la cuenca alta del río Huasco, de la Región de Atacama en Chile, presentaron una acción de protección de garantías constitucionales contra Compañía Minera Nevada SpA, (subsidiaria de la empresa Canadiense Barrick Gold) y contra la Comisión de Evaluación Ambiental en Chile.

Diaguita communities and individuals living in the Huasco river's high basin, in the Atacama region of Chile, filed an action to protect constitutional rights against Compañía Minera Nevada SpA (a subsidiary of Canada-based Barrick Gold) and the Comisión de Evaluación Ambiental (Chile's government agency dealing with environmental issues).

En el año 2010 el Estado Mexicano impulsó la construcción y operación del proyecto llamado “Acueducto Independencia”, el cual pretende trasvasar desde la presa “El Novillo” (en la cuenca del Río Yaqui) alrededor de 60 millones de metros cúbicos de agua  hasta la cuenca del Río Sonora, para la ciudad de Hermosillo, Sonora. El proyecto consiste en la construcción de una obra de toma en la presa “El Novillo”, una estación de rebombeo, un acueducto de acero para la distribución de agua nacional y una línea de transmisión eléctrica.

In 2010, the State of Mexico promoted the construction and operation of a project called “Independencia Aqueduct”, which includes plans to carry around 60 million cubic meters of water from the “El Novillo” dam (located in the Yaqui river) to the Sonora river basin to supply water to the city of Hermosillo, Sonora.  The project includes building a water catchment system at “El Novillo”, a repumping station, a steel aqueduct to supply the national water network, and a power transmission line.  The purpose of the works is to carry the water from the Yaqui river to the city of Hermosillo, in v

En julio de 2004 un grupo de vecinos que residen en la Cuenca Matanza-Riachuelo interpusieron demanda ante la Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación contra el Estado Nacional, la Provincia de Buenos Aires, la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires y 44 empresas para obtener indemnización por daños y perjuicios sufridos como consecuencia de la contaminación de la Cuenca, cese de la contaminación y recomposición del medio ambiente.

In July 2004, a group of residents of the Matanza/Riachuelo basin filed a suit before the Supreme Court of Argentina against the national government, the Province of Buenos Aires, the City of Buenos Aires and 44 companies seeking compensation for damages resulting from pollution of the basin, stoppage of contaminating activities, and remedy for collective environmental damage.

En este caso, la South Fork Band y otras comunidades de Western Shoshone habían apelado una decisión de un tribunal inferior que les negaba una medida cautelar[1] contra la construcción de la mina de oro.

In this case, the South Fork Band and other Western Shoshone tribes were appealing a lower court decision denying an injunction[1] against the construction of the gold mine. In their appeal to the Court, the South Fork Band argued that an injunction should be granted against Barrick Cortez because the U.S.

On May 14, 1990, Gregoria López Ostra filed a report before the European Commission on Human Rights against the Spanish State. She claimed that the State’s failure to take any measures against the smell, noise and contaminating smokes originated in a solid and liquid waste treatment plant located a few meters away from her home violated her rights to physical integrity (Article 3 of European Convention on Human Rights) and to respect for the home and private life (Article 8 of the Convention).

In 1998, the Aboriginal Communities Association Lhaka Honat filed an action with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) against the State of Argentina. The communities living in Salta province denounced violations of their right to ancestral land, to cultural integrity and to a safe environment, following the State’s decision to build an international bridge and carry out an urban development plan in their territory, which would significantly alter their way of life.