Enforcement/Implementation of ESCR

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Toolkit for Action for the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights - available in 4 languages

Developed by the International NGO Coalition for an Optional Protocol, the Toolkit for Action for the Optional...

Developed thanks to the collective work of ESCR-Net Members
Inter-American Court Enforces Positive Duty of Progressive Realization in Health Case on Persons Living with HIV

This case was presented by 49 victims—15 of whom had died while the case was being examined—and their family members, all of whom shared intersecting characteristics that made them more vulnerable to harm, such as living in poverty. The Court noted that Guatemala is the Central American country with the highest number of people living with HIV, approximately 52,000 people in 2018. The Guatemalan government attempted to address this crisis through legislation and public policy, including the availability of anti-retroviral therapy starting in 1999, but its response was inadequate.

On November 5, 2018, members gathered for a webinar discussion titled: “Implementing CESCR Decisions: Lessons from the Experience of the Follow-Up Procedure in MBD v. Spain.” The online seminar about the...
Inter-American Court of Human Rights Upholds the Human Right to a Healthy Environment

Amidst rising international concern about the human rights implications of a trans-oceanic canal in Nicaragua and concerned with implications for the people residing within the Colombian island of San Andrés, Colombia had requested an advisory opinion from the IACtHR in 2016 concerning state obligations in relation to the environment in the context of the protection and guarantee of the rights to life and to personal integrity.

International Court of Justice Advances Progressive Environmental Jurisprudence

This case is preceded by the 2015 ICJ decision which found that disputed territory between Costa Rica and Nicaragua belonged to Costa Rica, and that, by excavating three caños (channels) and establishing a military presence, Nicaragua violated Costa Rica’s territorial sovereignty. This finding rendered Nicaragua’s activities unlawful under international law, which gave rise to an obligation of reparation by Nicaragua.


A toothless tool? First impressions on the Draft Optional Protocol to the Legally Binding Instrument on Business and Human Rights


Authored by ESCR-Net members: Gabriela Kletzel & Andrés López Cabello, Centro de Estudios...

Inter-American Court recognizes the direct enforceability of ESCR

Alfredo Lagos del Campo was fired from his job on July 1, 1989. Mr. Lagos del Campo had previously been a union leader but, at the time of his dismissal, he was the President of the Electoral Committee, an elected representative of the company’s Industrial Community (a type of employee organization in Peru created through law). Mr. Lagos del Campo gave an interview for a magazine in his capacity as President of the Electoral Committee, stating he had publicly denounced actions by his employer who he believed was pressuring workers using extortion and coercive tactics.

African Commission advances corporate accountability for human rights abuses

In 2004, a small number of lightly armed rebels tried to take control of Kilwa, a remote fishing town in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo). About 50 km away from Kilwa there is a copper and silver mine, where Anvil Mining Company (Anvil Mining), a small Australian-Canadian mining company, had mining operations. Notably, the port in Kilwa was the only transport link to export the mine ore to processing plants in other countries.

 

The Visualizing Data for Human Rights Advocacy guidebook was launched by a group of the New York University (NYU) academics. (It is currently only available in English.) The guidebook provides accessible information on...

Economic and social rights is a crucial area of human rights law that has long been marginalised in the UK. This is despite the fact that the rights to housing, work, an adequate standard of living, food, social security, education, water and health are central to human survival and development...

Developed by an ESCR-Net Member