Education (Right to)

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This class action consolidated a number of cases brought on behalf of black schoolchildren denied admission to segregated public schools, under state law. Public facilities were previously racially segregated in the United States, particularly in the South. The case sought to challenge the "separate but equal" doctrine set forth in Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), that governed racial segregation at the time.

La demanda fue iniciada por Paul O’Donoghue, quien  nació en noviembre de 1984, y contrajo el síndrome de Reyes, una  infección viral  grave: como resultado de la misma, a los 8 meses de edad sufrió  daños cerebrales.

Applicant Paul O’Donoghue was born in November 1984 and contracted Reyes Syndrome, a serious viral infection, at eight months old, suffering brain damage as a result.

En una decisión unánime la Corte Suprema Federal de Brasil decidió confirmar la constitucionalidad de las cuotas raciales en procesos de admisión universitaria a fin de crear un entorno académico diverso, superar la historia de discriminación racial de Brasil y promover el principio de la igualdad de facto según se aplica a la discriminación racial en la educación. Asimismo, la Corte se refirió a temas de proporcionalidad y razonabilidad como criterios para evaluar la constitucionalidad de políticas destinadas a lograr la igualdad racial.

The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court unanimously decided to uphold the constitutionality of racial quotas in University admission processes, in order to create a diverse academic environment, to overcome a history of racial discrimination in Brazil, and to promote the principle of de facto equality as applied to racial discrimination in education.  In addition, the Court addressed issues of proportionality and reasonability as criteria to assess the constitutionality of policies aimed at achieving racial equality.

Este caso del Tribunal Supremo fue iniciado con el apoyo de Hakijamii, una organización de derechos humanos con sede en Nairobi que es miembro de la Red-DESC desde 2005. El caso surgió de un pedido de más de mil personas desalojadas de sus hogares ubicados en seis comunidades conocidas comúnmente como Medina, municipalidad de Garissa.

This High Court case was brought with the support of Hakijamii, a human rights organization based in Nairobi that has been a member of ESCR-Net since 2005; and stemmed from the request of more than 1,000 individuals, evicted from their homes located in six communities commonly known as the Medina Location of Garissa municipality.

La madre de una niña con discapacidad intelectual inició una acción de tutela luego de que su hija fuera diagnosticada con déficit cognitivo y microcefalia y no pudiera acceder al programa integral de terapias y educación especial encomendado, debido a la falta de recursos para cubrir dicho servicio.

The mother of an intellectually disabled girl initiated a tutela action because her daughter had been diagnosed with cognitive deficit and microcephaly, and she could not afford the recommended integrated program of therapy and special education. The Constitutional Court accepted to review the case and ordered EPS Coomeva to coordinate with local education agencies to obtain a comprehensive medical assessment of the minor, as well as to determine the medical and educational services required for her disability.