Work (Right to) and Workers’ Rights

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The petition was presented by advocates of the Nepalese organization, Pro Public, to protect the international and constitutional rights of thousands of women employees working in cabin and dance restaurants and massage parlors. These businesses have spread throughout urban areas in Nepal over the last ten years with women compromising more than 80% of all employees.

The state of Punjab enacted a law to prevent rickshaw pullers from being exploited by middlemen. It created a program whereby rickshaw pullers would be given an interest-free loan to buy their own rickshaws, and the state issued licenses to the owners to make sure the law was enforced.  Only the owners could pull the newly purchased rickshaws, and licenses would not be issued or would be revoked if the state learned that someone else was pulling the rickshaw.

The claimants filed a tutela action against several state institutions alleging failure to comply with their mission of protecting displaced persons and to effectively respond to the displaced’s requests related to housing, access to production projects, health care, education and humanitarian aid.

El Estado de Maharashta y el Consejo Municipal de Bombay decidieron en 1981 desalojar a todas las personas que habitaban en la vía pública y en villas miseria de la ciudad de Bombay. Dichas personas reclamaron que el desalojo violaría su derecho a la vida, ya que al vivir en la ciudad podían ganarse la vida, y que, en caso de que se efectuaran los desalojos, se les debía proveer un lugar donde vivir. La Corte no aceptó ordenar las reparaciones solicitadas por los demandantes, pero entendió que el derecho a una audiencia había sido violado en el momento del desalojo planeado.

The Ministry of Labor declared a strike by a group of workers at Las Empresas Varias de Medellín (EVM) to be illegal alleging the right to strike was prohibited in public services. As a consequence, 209 workers were laid off. After their claims were internally rejected, the laid-off workers filed a complaint with the International Labor Organization's (ILO) Administrative Board (AB) requesting protection for their right to work and to unionize.

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) denunció que gran cantidad de niños de Portugal (según se estimó, 200.000 niños) trabajaban en malas condiciones que afectaban su salud y que Portugal violaba el artículo 7(1) de la Carta Social Europea (CSE) al no supervisar correctamente el trabajo de menores. El gobierno cuestionó las estadísticas de IJC, sosteniendo que como máximo trabajaban 27.000 niños y solamente 2.500 eran empleados pagos en contravención de la Carta.

Provea requested the Supreme Court of Venezuela (TSJ) to issue its opinion on the constitutionality of the failure by Asamblea Nacional (AN, Parliament) to create a temporary system to regulate the Employment Benefits Scheme when it had passed the Social Security System Law. This failure implied denying benefits to employees suspended or fired. Provea alleged there had been a violation of the rights to social security, workers' protection and the principle of progressiveness regarding fundamental rights under the Constitution and international human rights conventions.

El Ministerio de Trabajo declaró ilegal la huelga de un grupo de trabajadores de Las Empresas Varias de Medellín (EVM) en base a que el ejercicio de ese derecho se hallaba prohibido en los servicios públicos. Como consecuencia, 209 trabajadores fueron despedidos. Luego del rechazo de sus reclamos en el ámbito interno, los trabajadores despedidos interpusieron una queja ante el Consejo de Administración (CA) de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT) solicitando el amparo de su derecho al trabajo y a la libertad sindical.

Comité Panameño por los Derechos Humanos denounced the State of Panama before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) for having arbitrarily laid off 270 public officials and union leaders who had taken part in several rallies against the administration's policies and to defend their labor rights. The lay-offs had followed an accusation made by the Government against the same individuals based on their participation in the demonstrations and on their alleged collaboration with a military uprising.

En 1994, se aprobó la Agriculture Labour Relations Act (ALRA, Ley de Relaciones Laborales del Sector de la Agricultura) para incluir a los trabajadores del sector en el régimen de relaciones laborales de la provincia de Ontario. Un año después, el flamante gobierno conservador anuló la ALRA.