Equality and Non-discrimination

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UK Court expands definition of domestic violence in context of housing rights

The appellant was a married woman who left her family home with her two young children because she felt her husband treated her as less than human. He yelled at her, withheld finances, and made her afraid he would hit her or take the children away. She went to the local housing authority for help finding accommodation. As her husband had never hit her or threatened to physically harm her, the housing authority refused to assist her. They believed that because there was no physical violence, it was reasonable for her to stay in the home.

UK Court advances women’s enjoyment of the rights to adequate housing and social protection

The Sandwell Metropolitan Council formed a new tax plan pursuant to a national change in tax law. Previously, low-income persons would be given financial assistance to pay council taxes, whereas under the new plan, individuals’ tax liability was lowered based on financial status. The relevant statute stated that local authorities would create locally-tailored plans to determine tax liability by creating classes based on income, capital, and number of dependents.

These resources look at the work of ESCR-Net member Participation and Practice of Rights based in Northern Ireland (UK). 

In particular, the article attached explores the ways in which marginalised groups in Northern Ireland have employed and translated for practical use human rights...

Developed by an ESCR-Net Member
A human rights-based approach to the criminalization of HIV exposure

The appellant, E.L., a 26 year old mother of four living with HIV, was charged and convicted in the lower court under Section 192 of the Malawian Penal Code (Code) for unlawfully (negligently) engaging in an act likely to spread a disease dangerous to life. The prosecution argued that the appellant “unlawfully, negligently and knowingly” breastfed the complainant’s baby, who was left in her care. At the time of the incident, E.L. was on Anti Retro Treatment (ART).

Shayara Bano and others v. Union of India and others, Writ Petition (C) No. 118 of 2016

Shayara Bano was married for 15 years. In 2016, her husband divorced her through talaq–e-bidat (triple talaq). This is an Islamic practice that permits men to arbitrarily and unilaterally effect instant and irrevocable divorce by pronouncing the word ‘talaq’ (Arabic for divorce) three times at once in oral, written or, more recently, electronic form.

African Court upholds land rights for Kenya’s Ogiek

In October 2009, the Kenya Forestry Service issued an eviction notice requiring the Ogiek, a forest-dwelling community and one of Kenya’s most marginalized indigenous peoples, to leave the Mau Forest within 30 days.

The UK is a profoundly unequal society. This distribution of income is more unequal than the average in both the EU and the Euro area (source: Eurostat; data from 2015). The UK’s Gini coefficient is 32.4, where 0 means absolute equality and 100 means that all income is...

Developed by an ESCR-Net Member

The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel – Adalah has sent a letter to Israeli authorities responsible for the central bus station in Tel Aviv to demand an...

Swaziland High Court advances women's property rights

Nombuyiselo Sihlongonyane and Mholi Joseph were married under civil rites and in community of property.[1] In January 2013, on the basis of her husband’s infidelity and mismanagement of their estate, Sihlongonyane applied to the High Court of Swaziland (High Court) to have her husband removed as the administrator of their joint property.